Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine and surgery which mainly deals with the treatment of eye disorders. The physicians who are specialist in ophthalmology are called an ophthalmologist. For becoming an ophthalmologist the physician has to go through four-year ophthalmology residency training after the completion of MBBS. After the completion of ophthalmology residency training, the ophthalmologist is allowed to treat the eye disease, implement laser therapy, or can perform any kind of eye surgery whenever it is required.
Various type of eye disorder that can be treated in Ophthalmology
There can be various conditions of eyes that are treated by the ophthalmologist. However, you should always consume the best food for eyes that will certainly help you to reduce the risk of eye disease. Some of the examination that is performed by the ophthalmologist for diagnosing the condition of eyes are visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure, retinal examination, optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, ultrasonography, slit lamp examination and may other related examination.
The following are some common diseases that are treated by the ophthalmologist:
- Amblyopia: This is a type of eye disorder in which the patient used to have blurred vision as a result of the misuse of one eye. The ophthalmologist prescribes glasses for restoring the vision in the weak eye.
- Astigmatism: This is a type of eye disorder in which the outer surface curvature of the eye of the patient is greater in one meridian than that of the other. Due to this both distances, as well as near vision, are distorted. This condition can be corrected with glasses.
- Cataracts: It is a condition in which a clear lens of the eye of the patient becomes cloudy and can ultimately lead to blindness. In most cases, surgery is required in treating the condition.
- Glaucoma: This is another common disorder in the eye of the patient in which the pressure is built behind the eye which can also lead to blindness. It can be corrected with surgery.
- Retinal Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Retinal TIA is a condition when the patient experiences a stroke in the eye. It is found in research that 10-15% of the patient got a stroke within 90 days of showing the symptoms and in half of the patient it occurs within 48 hours. So, if you can diagnose and treat the problem of Retinal Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) immediately you can reduce the risk of subsequent stroke by 80%.
These are some devastating eye diseases. If you have eye stroke or any of the above-mentioned diseases you may experience a sudden loss of vision or distorted vision or any blind spot in the vision. It is indeed a frightening situation when you have such conditions but at the same time, it is very important to have prompt medical attention which can prevent or limit the chance of complete loss of vision. That is the reason why if you see any kind of symptoms of these serious eye diseases you should immediately go to the best eye hospital of your city and treat your eyes as early as possible otherwise a little negligence from your side can lead to your vision loss or blindness.