A bone marrow transplant is a treatment that does replacement of unhealthy marrow with a healthy one. It’s also known as a blood or marrow transplant (BMT). The good part is that these days the medical procedures and treatments are absolutely effective and productive. Before you get into the details of transplant, it is important you know whatreally bone marrow is.
What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue that is within your bones.
It makes blood-forming cells (blood stem cells) andtheseare the cells that turn into blood cells including:
- White blood cells to combat infections.
- Red blood cells to take oxygen throughout the body.
- Platelets to regulate bleeding.
You know blood-forming cells are also discovered in the blood stream and also umbilical cord blood.The good part is that the Bone marrow transplant price in India is not too high. Certainly you would have to spend some amount but that would be worth spending. After all, it would free the patient from the health condition.
How does the procedure of transplant work?
Before the transplant takes place, you get chemotherapy (chemo) without or with radiation to demolish the diseased blood-forming cells and marrow. Afterwards, healthy cells are given to you (it is not surgery). The fresh cells go into your bloodstream through an intravenous (IV) line, or that of tube. It is only like getting blood or medicine via an IV. The cells find their way into the marrow, where they increase and start to make healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and even that of platelets.
What diseases are there that can BMT treat?
Bone marrow transplants can treat the conditions like:
- Blood cancers such as leukemia or lymphoma
- Bone marrow ailments like aplastic anaemia
- Other immune system or genetic ailments such as sickle cell disease
It is important to know that the bone marrow possess two kinds of stem cells, mesenchymal and that of hematopoietic. Red bone marrow is made up of a delicate, highly vascular fibrous tissue having hematopoietic stem cells. These are blood-creating stem cells.
Talking about Yellow bone marrow, they contain mesenchymal stem cells, even known as marrow stromal cells. These form fat, cartilage, and bone. Stem cells are immature cells that can form into a number of different kinds of cell.
Hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow give rise to two chief types of cells: myeloid and even that of lymphoid lineages. These encompass monocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, basophils, eosinophils, dendritic cells, erythrocytes, andeven that of megakaryocytes or platelets, as well as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells. Moreover the different kinds of hematopoietic stem cells differ in their regenerative capacity and also potency.Some are multipotent, oligo potent or even that of unipotent as determined by how many kinds of cell they can form.
Thus, since you know a lot many things about bone marrow, you must speak with bone marrow specialist in India if you have any concerns. It is always better to take a move timely than to regret down the lane.