Signs and Solutions of Celiac Disease by YasithWeerasuriya

Celiac disease, also called celiac sprue or nontropical sprue, is a serious digestive multisystem autoimmune disorder. Gluten intake can trigger this immune response in the human body,damaging the small intestine over time. Gluten is a type of protein, and some grains like rye, barley, wheat, etc., contain gluten. This disease affects almost 1% of the population over the world. In America, the number is more than 1million every year.

In general, one’s immune system protects the body from foreign bodies. When people affected with celiac disease eat gluten, their immune systems attack the lining of the intestine. This causes inflammation and damages the hair-like lining of the intestine, i.e., the villi. In the human body, villi absorb the nutrition from food, so villi damage leads to nutrient deficiency. Later on, this affects other organs and mainly the large intestine.

Signs and symptoms analysis by YasithWeerasuriya

Celiac disease affects both children and adults, and they exhibit completely different types of symptoms. Moreover, in the opinion of YasithWeerasuriya adults have symptoms of two kinds, i.e., related to the digestive system and unrelated to the digestive system. The symptoms in adults related to the digestive system can include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating and gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss

Adults with celiac disease may also have symptoms unrelated to the digestive system. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Anemia (iron deficient)
  • Joint pain and muscle cramps
  • Itchy, blistery skin rash, which is medically known as dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Mouth ulcers or sores
  • Loss of bone density, medically known as osteoporosis or softening of bone medically known as osteomalacia
  • Reduced functioning of the spleen known as hyposplenism
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Nervous system injury called peripheral neuropathy, possible problems with balance, and cognitive impairment including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands,
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Heat burn

However, the symptoms in children are mostly related to digestion and intestine. Their symptoms for celiac disease can include:

  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Delayed growth and short height
  • Gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Damaged tooth
  • Swollen belly
  • Late-onset puberty
  • Mood changes and behavioral issues

Treatment and Dietary solutions

There is no medical treatment or drug available to treat celiac disease. Some drugs are there to treat the symptoms like skin rash or mouth ulcers. The disease is a permanent condition, and the only solution is to switch to a gluten-free diet. Patients should seek the help of dieticians and continue medical follow-ups. The small intestine takes time to heal the damage, but intake of gluten can restart the symptoms at any moment.

Foods to avoid are:

  • Noodles and Pasta
  • Bread and pancakes
  • Any baked goods
  • Crackers
  • Cookies
  • Beer
  • Sauces
  • Cereals

Conclusion

As per the analysis of YasithWeerasuriya, even if celiac disease has no prevention or treatment, one shouldn’t keep it untreated. In the long run, it may cause various other health issues. It takes serious effort to keep the diet gluten-free, but that is the only solution this disease has. A gluten-free healthy diet is the only key for celiac disease patients to recover.

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